The philosophy of forgiveness

Forgiveness: How does it work?

Second, mercy is third-personal in a way that forgiveness is not. Faced with the antics of our species, one should be moved more to profound pity than to indignation, more to sorrow than to fury. Second, we can recognize one-to-many political forgiveness, whereby an individual forgives a group.

There may be other kinds of conditions that a victim must meet in order to effect morally positive forgiveness. However, the concept of pardon also refers to a familiar and important legal and political power quite unlike forgiveness.

Rather, we concede that what we did was morally wrong, but we provide putative reasons for thinking that we are not morally responsible and blameworthy for having done so. One may forswear resentment by making a decision or making a commitment, but to decide to give up or The philosophy of forgiveness to eliminate resentment does not imply that one has or will overcome it.

Griswold argues that something like this perfectionist scheme can be found in the ancients from Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, and the Epicureans In his discussion on the nature of community and individual morality in Book IV of the Republic, Plato makes clear that demonstrations of anger are generally regarded as manifestations of intemperance, which is a vice, and since angry emotions are ever a threat to overwhelm reason and self-control they must be rationally controlled in the name of a harmonious ordering of the different parts of the soul, which is the essence of a morally good person Republic, — Third, in many-to-many political forgiveness, groups or collectives enter into forgiveness relations with other groups or collectives.

Important early work during this time included papers by Boon and SulskyDarby and Schlenkerand Weiner, et al. Suppose, however, that Alfred lies to Betty and this results in Betty being very late in picking up her brother Todd. This is a kind of wrongdoer-dependent condition.

His philosophical interests are primarily centered on Modern Philosophy particularly late Leibniz but he is also interested in Contemporary Continental Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy, and Critical Race Theory.

Her reasons for forgiving may be bad ones and she may display her forgiveness in an illegitimate manner. According to Martha Nussbaumanother modern critic of forgiveness, not only does forgiveness respond to an already normatively problematic attitude i. Austin suggested that in addition to the performance of the act of uttering a sentence, we may also perform an act in uttering a sentence, what he called illocutionary acts.

Digeser claims that separating the action of forgiving from its underlying motive and from the constellation of feelings often thought to accompany interpersonal forgiveness better suits a conception of justice as one in which people get their due.


Call this indirect standing. One could hold that forbearing punishing is necessary for forgiveness, or sufficient, or both. However, what has often been overlooked in the moment of recognition that occurs during forgiveness is that it pertains mostly, if not solely, to the Subject.

We cannot, however, at least in typical circumstances, forgive others for their wrongs against others. That one and the same person is involved simultaneously as agent and subject, wrongdoer and victim, in this drama is often thought incompatible with the idea that resentment is necessarily directed at other people Arendt Others have claimed that what is needed is not the total and final elimination of resentment, but rather, some sort of moderation.

It is possible to forgive privately; indeed philosophical discussions of forgiveness have focused predominantly on its private manifestations. In addressing these issues she frequently considers literary texts hand in hand with traditional philosophical texts, because literature allows us the privilege of seeing not only the external life but also the internal life of a character.The Philosophy of Forgiveness - Volume II - New Dimensions of Forgiveness [Court D.

Lewis] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Volume II of Vernon Press’s series on the Philosophy of Forgiveness offers several challenging and provocative chapters that seek to push the conversation in new directions and Court D.


Philosophy of Forgiveness

The Forgiveness Project. Philosophy Bites Program on Forgiveness, interview with Lucy Allais (UC-San Diego). Philosophy Bites Program on Derrida and Forgiveness, interview with Robert Rowland Smith.

Forgiveness: How does it work?

Chronological bibliography of philosophical work on forgiveness, maintained by Brandon Warmke (Bowling Green State University). Much of the Philosophy of Forgiveness has focused on either epistemic questions (surrounding the possibility, effectiveness, and process of forgiving another, as well as its connection to forgetfulness) or on moral concerns (such as its status as a virtue and its supposed obligatoriness).

While unilateral forgiveness is unconditional and is a process which happens wholly within the person who has suffered an injustice, negotiated forgiveness requires of the wrongdoer (1) confession; (2) ownership; and (3) repentance for their actions.


Jan 23,  · My forgiveness to a person on a particular case is most likely different from your forgiveness to the same person on that case. If I said I forgive you. It probably means a different thing than what you think about my forgiveness.

Introduction. There is by now an enormous, and growing, philosophical literature on forgiveness. Since at least Downie (cited under Forgiveness and Virtue), philosophers have produced articles, monographs, encyclopedia entries, and anthologized collections of essays on the conceptual, normative, phenomenological, and social-political nature of forgiveness.

The philosophy of forgiveness
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